Articles – N


“New Albion Brewing Company” entry (page 606) states the brewery used “…22 ounce bottles…”. Existing labels, bottles and The Brewers Digest article (November, 1980) on New Albion suggest otherwise- “Its only package is the 12-oz. returnable bottle…”. New Albion would later use “select” style 12 ounce bottles, similar to those used by Anchor Brewing Co. The 22 ounce bottle was used in the US by numerous West Coast breweries in the 1930’s-1940’s but it appears to have died out in the US until resurrected by the Anderson Valley Brewing Co. in 1989 (according to a 1997 Ukiah Daily Journal article quoting A.V. owner/brewmaster, Dr. Kenneth Allen).

“Ninkasi” at page 609 states: “Ninkasi was the leading goddess of ancient Sumeria”. She was not: she was a minor goddess. The leading Sumerian goddess was Inanna, daughter of the sun-god, the queen of heaven, goddess of, among other things, love, war and wrath, also known as Ishtar; see, eg, From the poetry of Sumer: creation, glorification, adoration by Samuel Noah Kramer, 1979. It also states that the Hymn to Ninkasi “is considered one of this world’s oldest pieces of literature”. This is trivially true only to the extent that ALL Sumerian poetry, of which the Hymn to Ninkasi forms a small part, is among the world’s oldest literature. There is nothing special to mark out the Hymn to Ninkasi among Sumerian literature in general.

“Nord-Pas de Calais” at page 613 states: “The territory has been inhabited by Celts, Germanic tribes and Saxons …” This is tautologous: the Saxons WERE a Germanic tribe.

“Norway” entry at 614 should have added to it that in a letter dated July 8, 1241 Pope Gregory IX admonished the Archbishop Sigurd of Nidaros – the former name for Trondheim – for baptising with beer or mead instead of water: “Since as we have learned from your report, it sometimes happens because of the scarcity of water, that infants of your lands are baptised in beer or mead, we reply to you in the tenor of those present that, since according to evangelical doctrine it is necessary to be reborn of water and the Holy Spirit (John 3:5) they are not to be considered rightly baptised who are baptised in beer. …for the sake of those poor children, I thank Christ our Lord that He gave us the Church to stand for truth (1 Timothy 3:15), and the rock of St Peter (Matthew 16:18) to confirm our faith (Luke 22:32)…even in the small things.”